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NASJONALT FORSKNINGSINSTITUTT med regional forankring og internasjonal relevans 

Effektivitetsforskjeller mellom offentlige og private barnehager


In this paper we analyze differences in efficiency among Norwegian day care centers. The data consist of information from a sample of 1111 full time centers in 1998, from both urban and rural areas. The main issue in the analysis is to explore whether or not there are systematic differences in efficiency between privately and publicly operated centers. Both a parametric cost function analysis and a (non-parametric) data envelopment analysis (DEA) of a production frontier are carried out. The main conclusion of the study is that privately operated day care centers are more efficient than publicly operated ones. This finding is independent of the methodological approach employed. The paper is written in Norwegian.